My heart is torn between East and West. I live somewhere between the present and the past. I don't know who I am.
On Tuesday (09/09/14) there were calls for large-scale protests across Egypt by DankEgy campaign on Twitter and Facebook. We have monitored the protest events and in this post we will summarize the day in this post. You can view and download our collected data in Arabic and English.
There were 51 protest events held in 16 governates. As usual, Dakahlia governate is in the lead in terms of the number of protests, followed by Beheira and Kafr El-Sheikh. Interestingly, Cairo was not among the top three this time.
In terms of the types of events, the most popular event seems to be a rally, followed by human chains and stands. Other protest forms, namely vehicle rallies also exist.
Since Dank Movement had originally called for the protests, most of the protests were organized by them. The rest of the events were organized by Anticoup alliance and other groups. Note that in some cases we were unable to identify the organizers of the events. In such cases we assumed that the organizers were Dank.
We are currently experimenting ways to aggregate various sources of protest events together. Our main fear is ending up with duplicates after merging multiple sources. For now, we would rather have an underestimated figure than an overestimate with redundancy. With that said, we also know that Mubasher Misr Network is a reliable network with a large number of reporters all over Egypt. Bear in mind that we are still in an experimental phase so things are likely to change rapidly in the future.
Great initiative, you can find them on twitter too.
Here are some of your responses to our third ‘Discuss’ post and I’d like to follow them up with some questions. You can still contribute to the post by answering, sending me a message or leaving a comment on the post itself:
What would change? You mean terminology & its implications aka “west”, “global south”?
That’s a fascinating question actually. I guess the main focus of the original post was changing the map itself i.e. the image and the way it’s laid out. Some might consider the issue of terminologies to be a wholly different debate but I tend to disagree with this. So my questions to you are: do you think that these terminologies would change by themselves once we adopt a different projection? Or is this something separate (and perhaps something more important) that has to be worked on?
I think the Mercator Projection is a lot more of an issue than the Robinson Project.
Why do you think this is the case? Do you believe there’s an “ultimate” projection that should be adopted? Why/why not?
Mary Anne Layden, PhD, Director of the Sexual Trauma and Psychopathology Program in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania writes a fascinating paper entitled “Pornography and Violence: A New Look at Research.” I would encourage doubters of my thesis to read the entire paper:
“For many reasons, as we shall see, pornography is a very effective teacher of beliefs and behaviors, and one that also teaches its users that the behaviors are acceptable and stimulates them to do so…
Males who viewed sexual violence obtained higher scores both on scales measuring acceptance of interpersonal violence and the rape myth [the belief that women actually enjoy rape and suffer few negative consequences], when compare to males who viewed either a physically violent or neutral film. The increase in attitudes supporting sexual violence following exposure to pornography is greater if the pornography is violent than if it is non-violent.
A similar effect is seen even when the pornography is not violent. Males who are shown non-violent scenes that sexually objectified and degraded women and were then exposed to material that depicted rape indicated that the rape victim experienced pleasure and ‘got what she wanted.’
Even women who were exposed to pornography as a child have a greater acceptance of the rape myth than those who were not. Those exposed to pornography recommend a sentence for a rapists that was half of that recommended by those who had been shown non-pornographic imagery. These subjects appear to have trivialized the crime of rape.”
And then there’s this, as cited by the Berkmen Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School:
[Excerpts of the] Report of the Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography: Section 5.2.1 Sexually Violent Material
“…[C]linical and experimental research … [has] focused particularly on sexually violent material, [and] the conclusions have been virtually unanimous. In both clinical and experimental settings, exposure to sexually violent materials has indicated an increase in the likelihood of aggression. More specifically, the research, … shows a causal relationship between exposure to material of this type and aggressive behavior towards women.
…The evidence also strongly supports the conclusion that substantial exposure to violent sexually explicit material leads to a greater acceptance of the ‘rape myth,’ in its broader sense - that women enjoy being coerced into sexual activity, that they enjoy being physically hurt in sexual context, and that as a result a man who forces himself on a woman sexually is in fact merely acceding to the ‘real’ wishes of the woman, regardless of the extent to which she seems to be resisting…”
And then there’s news stories such as this one out of the UK last year, entitled “Porn ‘drives youngsters to violence during sex,’” where the author notes that “Extreme pornography is driving thousands of young people to commit sex attacks, a study shows. Some nine percent of 14-21-year-olds admitted to carrying out some sort of sexual violence, including one in 50 who had raped someone. Those perpetrators tended to report ‘more frequently being exposed to media that depicted sexual and violent situations,’ the poll of 1,058 people found.”
I could go on. The evidence that pornography, especially violent pornography, both inherently trivializes rape as well as trivializes sexual assault in the minds of those consuming it as so-called entertainment or recreation, is as overwhelming as it is obvious. This is not a very difficult concept to figure out, either.
Regardless of your opinion on porn use, pornography is, at its very core, the systematic dehumanization of those being portrayed and the systematic degradation of unique human beings with personalities, ambitions, personal histories, and perspectives, to a one-dimensional sex object for one-sided consumption. It’s sexually carnivorous, and sexually cannibalistic. If you can boil a person down to a body or a collection of body parts, it’s scarcely surprising that violence against that person can be accepted much more easily by those participating in the dehumanization process of porn use.
As for those who say that my thesis is a moot point because rape culture doesn’t exist at all, I would merely point out that my claim here is not that there is a direct link between those viewing violent porn and sexual violence against women (although many others do make that claim.) The point I am making is that pornography leads to the trivialization of sexual assault, which is how many define the “rape culture.” That point, unfortunately, withstands all objection.
Today, we’re discussing world maps. This is a relatively recent debate but one which has its roots set deep in history. It is concerned with the representation of countries on world maps and how they are perceived as a result:
So today’s question is, should we start changing our maps from this:
Egypt in a Week: A weekly round-up of news, reports, opinion pieces, blogs and various other tidbits concerning the latest developments in Egypt.
Also of Interest:
Photo: A taxi driver waits in line for fuel at a gas station, one of the businesses affected by a power outage in Giza, Cairo’s neighboring city, Egypt, Thursday, Sept. 4 2014. Egypt suffered a massive power outage that halted parts of the Cairo subway, took TV stations off the air and ground much of the country to a halt for several hours Thursday, as officials offered no clear explanation for how the country suddenly lost 50 percent of its power generation. (AP Photo/Eman Helal)
Praying for everyone in Pakistan, my people deserve so much better and the last thing people need to be celebrating right now is a military coup d’état and calling it “democracy” or “road towards peace”.